Correcting Gappy Teeth
Gaps in the front teeth are also known as diastemas. While they can occur anywhere within the mouth, they usually occur between the two front teeth.
What causes diastemas?
- Diastema is caused by a discrepancy between the teeth’ size and the jaw’s space.
- Some diastemata are hereditary and have a genetic link that can run through families.
- Diastema between the two front teeth can be caused by a tick piece of gum (frenum) that prevents the teeth from meeting.
- Gum recession, after successful periodontal therapy
- Some diastemata can be caused by advancing gum disease. These gaps appear over time and are often associated with red, inflamed gums and mobile teeth.
If you suddenly develop gaps or the original gaps are getting bigger, this can be a cause for concern and can be caused by advancing gum disease. We would advise you not to ignore this and to see your dentist immediately for a diagnosis and treatment of gum disease.
What solutions are there to close my diastemas?
Treating diastema is more of a cosmetic issue rather than one that will improve oral health (unless you have gaps suddenly appearing due to gum disease)
Numerous options are available depending on the site and the extent of the holes. These include:
- Braces: either Invisalign or fixed braces
- Composite bonding
Invisalign is the invisible way to straighten your teeth. Invisalign is a custom-made, clear plastic aligner that gently and gradually moves your teeth to the optimal position.
Depending on the severity of the case, it can take anywhere from 4-12 months to treat, with the average case taking 6-8 months to finish.
Traditional fixed braces
Fixed braces involve a metal or ceramic bracket temporarily glued to your tooth’s front surface. The frames are joined together by a flexible wire adjusted to straighten your teeth over time.
Fixed braces are the gold standard in orthodontics. They are the most reliable, predictable and accurate method of straightening teeth and can solve simple up to complicated movements. Straightening your teeth can take 12-24 months, with the average treatment taking 18 months.
In some cases, tooth-coloured composite material can be added to each side of the tooth to close the space. This is often a cheaper option that can be completed within a day.
These are thin shells of either porcelain or composite material that fit over your teeth and can instantly change the appearance of your teeth. Veneers also have the added benefit of changing your teeth’ size, shape and colour.
Sometimes, we may have braces, composite bonding, or veneers to achieve the desired result.
How do I know what option is best for me?
At Chapel Dental, we will examine your mouth and utilise the latest technology, the intro 5D element, to envisage your results. We will also discuss with you your long-term goals so we can create a comprehensive plan tailored to your needs. We also offer 0% finance plans to help with your budget.